17Percent is an organisation set up to primarily support and promote UK-based female playwrights, though we also promote and support women working in all fields of theatre making, and script writing. It is a totally unfunded voluntary initiative.
17Percent adds its voice to the growing discussion about the inequality of writing in the theatre, and will continue to do so…
17Percent was set up by playwright Sam Hall in 2009. While taking writing courses, including an MA in Creative Writing, she noticed a significant imbalance in the number of women to men. In a class of 20, for example, there would be only about 4 men. But the majority of the plays studied on these courses were written by men; the majority of plays performed at UK theatres are written by men. So Sam began to ask herself ‘why weren’t all those women who set out studying playwriting going on to have work performed and published?’ The answer is probably a combination of the reasons below:
Men have been accepted as creators of art for much longer, so that any woman who now succeeds within this structure is credited with being a ‘woman in a man’s world’, and may feel that in order to succeed in this world she has to be even more ‘masculine’ than a man. Women in positions of power do not necessarily work with other women, any more than men do.
There is also a much bigger body of work by men to choose from, as historically most writers have been male. 17Percent aims to invite you to discover female playwrights from centuries past with our The Behn Legacy section (in development).
Other reasons may be that writing doesn’t pay very well, and unless you have a rich benefactor (or supportive partner) you can’t afford to develop your writing. There are not so many grants or funds for writers available now, and many of those focus on writers under 40, or younger. Writers need to network and be visible to the commissioners, (like in the arts in general,) once you’ve been commissioned once, you are likely to be commissioned again, but getting that first commission is hard to do.
A number of other factors may also contribute, such as women taking time off for family, which means starting a career later, or simply not being commissioned as often. Women might not be getting commissioned as often as men, since their work might be viewed as desirable primarily for a “women’s” audience. Perhaps women don’t send their work out ‘on spec’ as easily, only about 1 in 5 scripts received at The National Theatre is by a woman.
Perhaps this all looks bleak; but just because we are looking at a long history of male dominance in art doesn’t mean we should just accept the status quo. We should do everything we can to try and even up the score. Equality is what 17Percent is about.
PLAY PRODUCING AND SHOWCASES
She Writes – our script-in-hand showcase event running for three years (with a break) has shown the work of over 40 writers. The showcase was launched in London in our Mini-Festival in 2010, and from 2011-2012 held our regular She Writes event in Whitstable every two months. We also ran a monthly She Writes night at Roundabout Nights in Chatham from June-December 2014, and this is due to continue in 2015.
Many of the writers featured at She Writes have gained confidence and taken their work forward and we like to keep in touch and promote their work.
We have also produced 4* reviewed full-length theatre shows; She Writes: What’s through the door at the Canal Cafe in London, and at The Rochester Literature Festival in 2013, and The Spirit of my Dream for the Rochester Literature Festival in 2014. We also took shows to Lounge on the Farm, and we part of the Whitstable Bienale festival in 2012.
17Percent founder, Sam, has spoken on television and on panels in this country and internationally about female playwrights and women in theatre. She has also written a number of magazine articles on the subject.
INTERVIEWING WRITERS AND PRACTITIONERS
17Percent has interviewed over 40 playwrights and theatre practitioners and their responses have made a fantastic resource of theatre making knowledge. We are currently reordering all these interviews to make them easier to find.
Why 17%? It’s a significant figure; it was quoted at Sphinx theatre’s 2009 ‘Vamps, Vixens and feminists’ conference as the percentage of UK women playwrights being produced and it’s also the pay gap between men and women. When only 17% of UK produced plays are written by women, when women make up 52% of the UK’s population, and 65% of the theatre audience, something is badly skewed. (Figures from 2010)
And why is this important? Drama is important as it gives us a plan for living. If all stories are about men and told by men, we keep seeing the same story; we get used to a dominant male view. Our showcases give women a voice and the opportunity to share stories from a female perspective, and show positive role models onstage to both women and men.
We will support and promote female playwrights primarily through showcases with opportunities for feedback; mentoring opportunities; feedback and dramaturgy; championing women’s achievements in the theatre; and, providing positive female role models and inspirations.
Our events will not for women only. We believe that to achieve equality, women and men should work together: in a conversation not a competition.
The key aim of 17Percent is to widen the debate about why women aren’t getting their work produced and help more women get more of their work performed in the UK.
We produce She Writes showcases and various one-off performances.
We offer an occasional email subscription newsletter with news, reviews, interviews and writing opportunities – click here if you want to subscribe. You can find back issues in various formats in the DOWNLOADS section.
We have an online video resource on YouTube full of interviews with ‘interesting and inspiring’ playwrights and women who work in the theatre, or women have some good advice to share; some of those who have generously shared their advice are: Van Badham (then, Finborough Theatre); Gill Kirk and Samantha Ellis (playwrights); Alison Mead (Three4All); Gemma Lloyd (Act Up); Nancy Hirst (Icon Theatre); and expert in women in business, Dr Suzanne Doyle-Morris. If you would like to share your knowledge, please drop us a line.